About Garden

The Botanical Garden in Orle is founded on the dream of prolonging human existence on earth and the aspiration to leave a mark other than that of the destruction of the natural environment. Over a period of nearly twenty years tens of thousands of plants have been successfully grown here. More than four thousand trees and shrubs of various species and varieties already thrive in the Garden with a lake in its centre. The lake is a unique water reservoir, deep and cool, inhabited by fish of various salmonid species. It is also an angling fishery. A cosy guesthouse with accommodation for anglers and their families (21 beds) is located within the area, making it convenient for visitors to explore the Garden, practice their favourite sport and engage in other recreational activities. The building houses a restaurant offering excellent food, a bar, professional billiards, a sauna and jacuzzi; next to there is a playground for children and a swimming pool; all of these facilities are very well-appointed. The neighbouring forest abounds in mushrooms ready for the picking.

Due to the excellent breeding conditions and abundant food, birds of many species can be spotted throughout the area.

The Botanical Garden in Orle and the Piaseczno Angling Fishery occupy an area of approximately 90 hectares, offering superb facilities for leisure and recreation. Those who have already been to the place claim that the angling fishery could easily be the best one in Poland. In addition to the trout, sea trout, lake trout, arctic char and salmon, there are also huge pikes (up to 20 kg) and other attractive fish. Only 10-12 anglers are allowed to fish at the same time, and they are assisted by knowledgeable and experienced instructors, who run the fishery and the guesthouse. The lake with an area of 20 hectares is a natural reservoir of glacial origin over 40 meters deep and perfectly suited for diving. Fly fishing and spinning are the two most popular forms of the sport, for which comfortable boats equipped with the environment-friendly and silent electric motors can be used. A unique botanical garden surrounds the guesthouse, boasting a collection of many rare species of trees, shrubs and perennials. The Garden is being expanded and improved on a constant basis. The area of the Botanical Garden is 37.72 hectares, of the lake is 20 hectares, and of the surrounding forests and meadows that belong to the Garden is 32 hectares.

There is also a picturesque stone and water garden with many Chinese features and scenic canals inhabited by colourful fish. The surrounding forests support a large animal population of deer, roe-deer, wild boar and hare as well as many rare species of birds. The place is very secure as the entire area is fenced off and discrete guards make sure our guests can enjoy a peaceful stay. The guesthouse is often used as a venue for corporate meetings, social events and angling competitions. We also offer organisation of the customized events, and the Garden can be rented for photo shoots, including the wedding and advertising photography.

Many tourist attractions can be found in close proximity to the Botanical Garden in Orle. Therefore, visitors to the Botanical Garden, the Angling Fishery and the Neptun Guesthouse often use the place as a base for exploration of the surrounding area. One of the most interesting sites is the forest Arboretum in Wirty village, with many magnificent old trees and an interesting collection of trees and shrubs used in research. There is the Botanical Garden in Gołubie, with a fascinating collection of protected and endangered species. The "Orle nad Jeziorem Dużym" nature reserve in Liniewo village boasts splendid 250-year-old (and still thriving) English oaks. A trail across this reserve from Orle towards Garczyn passes by a glacial erratic, a very common sight in this area. Continuing to Garczyn, you may visit an old church and an early medieval hilltop settlement. Beyond the village, in the vicinity of Milonki, there is another nature reserve ("Brzęczek") with glacial erratics. If you like to venture further afield, you may take a trip to the Tri-City and see the beautiful Old Town in Gdańsk, the scenic Sopot or the modern Gdynia. Impressive Gothic castles built by the Teutonic Knights can be seen in Malbork, Gniew, Bytów and Kwidzyn ( and a romantic ruin of the Kiszewski Castle is not more than a dozen kilometers away from Orle . Other attractions of the region include the neighbouring great Wdzydze Lake with its famous open-air museum, the upside-down house and the longest plank in the world in Szymbark, the former Carthusian monastery in Kartuzy and the Railway Heritage Park and Museum of Steam Locomotives in Kościerzyna. In winter you may take advantage of the excellent conditions for cross-country skiing and a ski slope in Trzepowo.

The Botanical Garden has been registered by the Director-General for Environmental Protection as the Dendrological Park in Orle; it is a member of the Council of Botanical Gardens of Poland.

The scientific supervision over the collections and the conceptual work is being provided by professor Urszula Nawrocka-Grześkowiak, the Department of Dendrology and Landscape Architecture, the West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin.

The plan of the Garden

Below you can find the plan of our garden with all its important spots.

plan

The Chinese garde

There is a separate, stone-walled "water garden" with Chinese elements in the Aboretum's area. The wall's purpose is to close and protect the garden including its view axes and specific elements, The entrance to the garden is leading, in accordance with the rules for the oriental gardens, from the southern edge to the north. It is guarded by stone lions.

The area is divided by water channels, fuelled by the eastern edge-located cascade through the male (yang) rapid stream and the female (yin) slower channel. The water is bringing the sense of purity, integrity and wisdom. It breaths the life into the garden and creates a meditation mood. It changes micro-climate to provide a better development of the plants. The streams, teeming with golden fish, have no beginning and no end symbolizing eternity and the connection to another world. There is no lotus plant in the garden but there are several other water plants like grzybień wodny that is similar to lotus in many ways - emerging from the mud through water to the sunshine and creating a symbol of purification and the renaissance of the human spirit.

The garden, in the Chinese philosophy, reflects the nature and endorses the environment with human abilities and treats. Water is the blood circulation and the rocks symbol the skeleton. The big stones of natural forms and shapes, broken and coloured, were the most valued ones. Among the rocks and plants winding paths covered with grass or flat stones lead to various parts of the garden.

The plants in the oriental gardens play a secondary role and symbolize the evanescence - they are our flesh but how import ant element it is! In this garden the most important plants are the evergreen plants (pines, juniper, miłorząb) and the blossoming plants (magnolias, cherries, derenie, forsycje, azalie i różaneczniki). An interesting collection of dwarf plants, slow-growing plants and fantastically-coloured maples can be found there as well. The peonies, the royal plants symbolizing wealth, health and joy complete the picture.

The streams enabled a creation of a white-blue and a red-green islands dominated by these colours. The colours were created by the usage of specific rocks and blossoming or discoloured plants. The islands can be reached by the state-of-the-art arched bridges.

In the oriental gardens a huge role is played by the man-made architectural features, for instance lamps, pavilions or the typical statues of sages and animals. One of the popular elements is a "dragon wall" or a dragon - a symbol of happiness. Such a dragon is standing in this garden and as if to prove its ability to bring happiness some birds made a nest in its jaw.

The dendrological oddities

The Pięknotka Bodiniera brings very interesting fruits. Their colour is atypical - they are violet and gathered in circular bunches and very abundant in favourable conditions. The trunk and shoots, both full of thorns are the feature of kolkosił siedmioklapowy (kalopyx semptemlobus). Its tiny white flowers assembled in baldachokształtne wiechy have a pleasant scent and provide the nectar for honey.

Another hardly known plant is Loropetalum chinense, a bush reaching a height of 1,5 meters with evergreen leaves of a rare red-purple colouring. Most of the sub-species of this plant have impressive pink or dark-magenta flowers with long slim petals. The species belongs to the Hamamelidacea family just like the czar (Hammamelis) that in early spring is decorated with yellow flowers on its shoots.

A bush that is seldom seen in gardens in Poland is the abelia chińska (Abelia chinensis). It grows up to 2-2,5 meters in favourable conditions and blooms in the beginning of summer being one of the most pleasantly smelling plants. Though its light-pink flowers are minute they are at moments completely covered with colourful butterflies.

A tree originated from China and growing only in the warmer parts of Poland is paulownia puszysta, called "an Emperor's tree" In Orle we have two specimens of this gorgeous plant with its big (up to 30 centimeter) heart-shaped leaves. Marvellously decorative light-violet flowers, up to 8-centimeter I length are gathered in the 30-centimeter-long bunches. To have a chance to admire these beautiful flowers one has to provide a year-round frost protection and its cultivation is a real challenge for its owners.

Another species originating from China and capable of growing in Polish weather conditions is stewarcje (Stewartia). Despite its undisputable beauty, unfortunately, it can be seen in only few gardens. In Orle we have the stewarcja kameliowata (S. pseudocamellia), with a flowering season lasting from June to Speptember. The white flowers with the intensively yellow stamenae resemble camellia flowers and they fall down in their whole after withering. Additional adornment are its decorticating bark and - in the fall - a gorgeous colouring of the leaves.